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What does Phonics look like at Fagley Primary School?


What do we use to inform our teaching?

The Letters and Sounds document is used throughout school to inform the progression and teaching of the different phases.


What does Phonics look like across the school?



In Nursery there is a great emphasis on developing speaking and listening skills individually and in small or larger groups. Phase 1 phonic activities are included as part of everyday teaching activities and then introduced more formally in small group sessions.  There is a strong focus on developing the children’s capacity to listen, concentrate and discriminate between sounds and also to prepare children to enunciate sounds correctly.



In Reception, Phases 2 and 3 are introduced and taught in discrete sessions. Though initially taught as a whole class, children are then grouped according to attainment to meet the needs of the children.  The classroom environment reflects the age related expectation.  This way, children who need extra support still have exposure to the full range of phonemes taught.


As well as discrete teaching, children are encouraged to apply their phonic knowledge for a purpose in the daily provision. This might range from reading captions or environmental print to writing in the role play area.  Writing materials are widely available for the children to use and children can access books at all times as well as take them home to read.


At the beginning of the school year, parents/carers are invited to a phonics session where they can see how phonics is taught and the correct pronunciation of sounds is modelled. Activities are provided to model how to blend and segment sounds to read and spell words and to show how these can be easily done at home to support children’s learning.  Activities are also provided to show how this then progresses into reading simple captions and sentences.  Parents/carers are also made aware of the expected phonic level for that year group.


All staff in Reception have received phonics training and have an understanding of how phonics should be taught effectively.


Key Stage 1

Phonics is taught every day in a discreet 20 minute lesson. Children are grouped according to their phonics attainment and are taught by the teacher and teaching assistants.  Planning is provided by the teacher.  Both Year 1 and Year 2 teach the age related phase.  This level of phonics is the expectation and as a link to ensure application, the particular phonemes taught are incorporated into teaching in other areas of the curriculum so that children can use and apply what they have learnt in phonics sessions within other subjects. 


In addition to learning particular phonemes for the week, there is also an expectation that children will learn to read and spell the high frequency words. Word boxes have been distributed to each year group and all children within Key Stage 1 have a word box containing the first 100 high frequency words.  These boxes are checked regularly by both the teacher and teaching assistant to ensure children learn the words.  Known words are then placed into a word book and are revised as appropriate.  Once the first 100 high frequency words can be read, children are then moved onto the next 200 common words. It is expected that children will learn these words at home and progress through them at a good pace. 


All members of staff within Key Stage 1 have received phonics training.


Key Stage 2

It is recognised that phonics teaching and learning does not finish at the end of Key Stage 1. As children move into Key Stage 2, they begin the Support for Spelling program.  However, children identified on the phonics tracker that are still working on the phases as outlined in the Letters and Sounds document, are provided with a tailored catch up and revision program alongside the age related expectation for the year group.  Key word boxes are also provided and checked regularly for these children.


Mr Thorne does phonics

"Mr Thorne does phonics" is a series of videos to help you and your child learn phonics. Phonics help your child with their spellings, reading and writing.

 These videos will help you as parents/guardians to support your child to say the sounds correctly.

 Click on each image to open the link in youtube.

Type Mr Thorne into youtube to watch many more.